Lilem Aviation and Engineering Limited
Lilem Aviation and Engineering Limited
Kingdom of Cambodia Nation Religion King (Rev. 0)
INVESTMENT PROJECT OF NEW PHNOM PENH INTERNTIONAL AIRPORT FEASIBILITY STUDY REPORT
PROPOSED BY: RATHSADY DEVELOPMENT LTD
The Royal Government of Cambodia has determined the six highest prioritized strategies in the National Economic Development Plan, which includes Airports, Highways, Ports, Free Trade Zones, Tourism, Agricultural and Commerce Development. Normally, it is expected to generate employment opportunity for local people and provides considerable income, not only for them but also revenue and acquisition of foreign exchange for the Cambodia Government.
In the National Tourism Development Plan for Cambodia, prepared by the Royal Government of Cambodia, United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and World Tourism Organization (WTO), the Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Sihanoukville and Ratanakiri areas have been selected for short-term tourism development.
The outstanding reason for the selection of these areas has been the presence of major and complementary attractions and securing access and infrastructure development. Ratanakiri has been designated with the additional destination of eco-tourism, to diversify the tourism prospect.
Cambodia is full of wide range promising tourism resources like worldwide well- known temples and ruins, such as the Angkor Complex, as well as nature and wildlife for eco-tourism.
Cambodia is the center of South East Asia region, with the population of about 16 million people. Its annual GDP has healthily grown at average rate of 7.5% for last two decades. Presently, the Royal Government sets priority in infrastructure development by planning construction of roads/highways and bridges to promote transportation and logistics system and the national economy.
Cambodia is the most attractive destination for cultural tourism of the world. Angkor Wat temple is one of famous wonder of the world and as well as many ancient temples, attracting tourists from every corner of the world. Due to the increase of tourists in current small airport, the Royal Government has encouraged and granted private companies to conduct feasibility study project for construction of another new big airport that ensure capacity for landing big jets/aircraft A380 and 747 series outside Phnom Penh City.
With the current and accelerated growth and development of Cambodia, and the rapid expansion of its capital city Phnom Penh, with a population of about 2 million, an new airport has become and urgent imperative necessity.
The current Phnom Penh airport, Cambodia’s largest passenger and cargo airport is located just 9km from city center which is too close to the new city developments including an increasing number of high rise buildings.
The International Safety Standards require the new airport to be located at least 40km outside the city. On the other hand, the area around the current Phnom Penh International Airport does not allow an extension of the runway or the construction of a second runway to accommodate large airplanes such as Boeing 747 and Airbus 380 series.
Cambodia received four million tourists in 2016, and this number keeps increasing in average of 10% every year by a limited direct flight from oversea transited in Thailand, Singapore and Vietnam, which cause difficulty and inconvenience to the travel and arrival of tourists and passengers. The Royal Government aims to increase tourist visit to approximately 15 million in 2030 by promoting direct flight and have a new bigger airport which is be capable to receive the flight of international big jetliners.
CURRENT PHNOM PENH AIRPORT 1. GENERAL INFORMATION
About 9km of Phnom Penh Capital City
Total land area: 450 hectares
International terminal: 16,000 square meters. Handling capacity: 2 million passengers
Runway: 3,000 m Length and 50 m Width
Domestic terminal 3,670 square meters
Passenger Movement: 3,388,553
Flight movements: 33,435
Airfreight Movements: 45,655 tons
Statistic of Phnom Penh International Airport
EXISTING AIRPORT FACILITIES
The table below indicates inventory and facilities of the present Phnom Penh Airport:
PROBLEMS OF THE EXISTING AIRPORT
Phnom Penh International Airport is located exactly in Phnom Penh City, and it is not suited for large aircrafts like Boeing 747 and Airbus 380 series take-off and landing.
Tourism is a major industry and very important to the country’s economy. However, international tourist operators require large aircrafts, such as B747s and A380, to meet their scale of economy for organizing larger groups to visit Cambodia.
4. FORCAST OF AIR TRAFFIC DEMAND
In principle, it determines airport and facility requirements for tourists
With the increase of passenger movements at 5% – 10% and flight movement at 10% - 15% annually, the airport planning and design is now a major concern to the Royal Government. The solution therefore is to construct a new and modern airport which will be met international airport requirement and air traffic safety and stipulations.
It could be feasible to turn Phnom Penh into an air-traffic hub between Asia, Europe and other parts of the Southeast Asia. New runways have to meet the requirements of second generation jetliners such as B747, B767, B777, B787
and A330, A380, SST etc.
DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF NEW PHNOM PENH INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 1. Development Strategy
It is expected that regional international traffic will still increase at Phnom Pen Airport. Therefore, the new airport is required to accommodate long haul flights and direct flights (intercontinental flights) that can be operated at the new Phnom Penh Airport.
2. Master Plan and Project Phases Vision:
The Master Plan of New Phnom Penh International Airport has been developed to fulfill the need for an operationally efficient and passenger friendly airport.
Around the world, airports have been expanding their facilities to include retail outlets, office spaces and other commercial developments.
Encompassing all these non-aviation facilities and more, the new Phnom Penh International Airport aims at setting a benchmark for the development of future airport in the region.
The master plan ensures that the size and capacity of the airport’s facilities is in line with passenger traffic forecast and projected cargo growth. The facilities include runways, taxiways, apron, passenger terminal building, cargo terminal facility, fuel farm, fire service, aircraft maintenance facilities, access roads,
car parking, control tower/technical building, maintenance/GSE workshop, administrative building, security and staff houses.
The Master Plan is prepared in line with current ICAO standards and recommendations, IATA guidelines and AAI requirements.
The new Phnom Penh International Airport shall be developed in accordance with international standards so
that aircraft may be operated safely and efficiently.
The new Phnom Penh International Airport should be designed taking convenience and amenity for users into consideration, as the biggest international airport in Cambodia, and as the gateway for foreign tourists and business travelers.
The Development Plan of the new Phnom Penh International Airport shall be flexible so that facilities may be expanded in accordance with increase of demand in the future.
The new Phnom Penh International Airport shall be in harmony with the environment. The Airport Development Plan shall be coordinated with land use plans and regional development plan of the surrounding area.
Airport facilities shall be designed so that operation and maintenance will be easy, and related costs will be low.
3. Development Phase Phase
Phase 1 development includes a passenger terminal, a 4,200 meter long runway, entrance/exit taxiways, isolation bay, airside road system, two-way access road, air traffic complex, aeronautical equipment, rescues and firefighting facilities, airline support facilities, fuel farm, terminal parking, administration and maintenance buildings, ground equipment maintenance area, cargo complex and boundary/security wall/fencing.
Additional phases will incorporate more facilities, which will be developed based on projected passenger traffic forecast and growth requirements.
The Royal Government of Cambodia is considering two possible locations for the new airport and the final development site will be chosen and approved based on the Developer’s final presentation and feasibility study.
The site to be studied and proposed is in between of the National Road No. 5 and No. 6, approximately 40km at the north of Phnom Penh City.
i). Development Zone A
The Landside Terminal Zone contains primarily the terminal building. The terminal, T1, is capable to handle passengers’ traffic up to 3 million passengers per annum.
The terminal can cater for maximum of 42 aircrafts. The gate position is flexible to accommodate different types of aircraft, e.g. B747, B777, and A330, A380. These will include short-term car parking, hotels, car rental facilities, office buildings, airside, maintenance facilities, taxi feeder parks, coach stations and landside roads. In addition, other facilities have been located in this zone to benefit from the central location.
ii). Development Zone B
This zone contains the majority of the non-public facilities for the airport. This includes Cargo Center, Freight Forwarder Accommodation, space safeguarded for a Free Trade Zone (FTZ), Aircraft Maintenance Center, Handling Agent Facilities, Airport Engineering Facility, Terminal Contractor Base, Compass Base, Police Station and Freight Center Facilities. It also contains an area safeguarded for additional long-term car parking.
iii). Development Zone C
This zone contains the main long-term car parking area for the airport as this is conveniently located close to the main access road and to the terminal zone. Owing to the proximity of the runways, this area is unsuitable for the other users.
iv). Development Zone D
It contains all of the facilities which are required to service the airport. This will include additional cargo facilities, handling agent’s accommodations, engineering facilities and possibly flight catering facilities.
v). Development Zone E
This is the commercial zone supporting the airport. It contains Exhibition / Convention Center and offices and shop houses.
vi). Development Zone F
Residential area for the project
vii). Development Zone G
These are the air traffic control tower and building, VVIP facility, airlines maintenance facility and the possible General Aviation (GA) facility.
viii). Development Zone H
A fire rescue training center is proposed. This is to provide Fire / Rescue training / exhibition facilities for the Kingdom of Cambodia.
ix). Development Zone I
This is the airport hotel which is within walking distance to T1. It provides rooms, food and beverage, shops and seminar / function facilities to passengers (both inbound / outbound) local and transit passengers.
The runway is designed to accept the jumbo jet series of B747, B77, B787 and A380. The ICAO aerodrome reference code for this airport is 4F with two runways.
Characteristics of the runway specification
Runway Length 6,000 meters
Runway Width 100 meters/runway
Bituminous structural pavement width 100 meters/runway
Width of runway plus light paved shoulders 100 meters
6. Runway Strips
The minimum width of a runway strip for a precision approach runway in the code number 4F according to ICAO standards. It should be extended at least 60 meters before the threshold and beyond the runway end.
7. Runway End Safety Area
A runway End safety area will be provided at the end of each end of the runway as recommended in ICAO guidelines. In this safety area, objects which may endanger aircraft should be removed and the area should be cleared and graded for an aircraft undershooting or overrunning the runway.
The provision of a taxiway system between the runway and the apron will enable aircraft to travel between the runway and the apron with minimal delay and permit the runway to operate to its maximum capacity.
The layout of the apron and terminal and the relationship between the two has been designed to reflect international standards. The apron has to provide sufficient space for taxiing, parking, loading and unloading of the aircrafts during the peak period as well as for all the support facilities that are required to ensure that the aircraft are handled quickly and efficiently.
10. Passenger Terminal Building
The planning approach for the passenger terminal is to accommodate all passengers handling and processing at one central location. Easy to check-in, ease of movement to departure gates, minimal queuing, as well as comfortable shopping and waiting areas, are all key features of this huge terminal building.
The passenger terminal is proposed as a single, fully air-conditioned, two level building
capable of accommodating international and domestic operations. The basement houses, retail stores, rest areas and services.
The arrival and departure areas are separated vertically with a modern, simple, straight- ahead flow system. The domestic and international departure lounges, and the majority of retail outlets are located on level 2 (first floor). The check-in facilities and baggage reclaim are located on level 1. The VIP lounge is located on the first floor. The terminal is designed for ease of operation and minimum maintenance.
Terminal Parking: In the first phase of development, a car park in front of the terminal building at the
ground level will be developed for the convenience of passengers and visitors to the airport.
The total floor area planned is approximately 55,850 square meters. The terminal building is
designed accommodate 2025 passengers at peak hour. The design reflects the best industry practice and caters for 24-hour-operations, under all weather conditions. All facilities provided will meet IATA standards.
11. Terminal Design Concept
Level 1 – Arrival Level
- Arrival Concourses - 30,800 m2
- Baggage Claim & Custom / Immigration - 57,000 m2
- Cafeteria, Shop, Office & Duty Free Shops - 13,000 m2
TOTAL = 100,800 m2
Level 2 – Departure Level
- Departure Hall - 34,950 m2
- Immigration & Security - 20,800 m2
- Waiting Hall - 24,600 m2
- Holding Gate - 80,400 m2
- Shops, Banks, Duty Free & Offices - 10,750 m2
- Open Garden - 18,000 m2
TOTAL = 189,500 m2
Level 3 – Restaurant & Viewing
- Airline Offices - 6,600 m2
- Seminar Rooms - 27,000 m2
- Cafeteria & Shops - 13,200 m2
- Viewing Lobby & Corridor - 18,700 m2
TOTAL = 65,500 m2
GRAND TOTAL = 355,800 m2
12. Infrastructure and Facilities
Land required for the proposed new Phnom Penh International Airport and associated facilities for operation is 2,500 hectares, and can be extended to 5,000 hectares for future development. The new airport will be capable to handling large airplanes and cargo, and effectively managing a future passenger traffic capacity of at least 4 million per annum.
Associated External Infrastructure Works
Minimum soil treatment / filling work
Roads & Car Park
Water & Foul Drainage
Perimeter security fencing around Runway & Taxiway
Associated Ancillary buildings i.e. Fire Station, Sub-station, Guard Station, etc.
Mechanical and Electrical Work
Hv Electrical Installation
Lv Electrical Installation
Fire Fighting Installation
Air Bridge C/W Guidance System
Taxiway, Runway and Approach Lighting C/W Transformer, Cabling & All Accessories
The new airport will be fitted with aeronautical equipment as per ICAO standards.
The airport-related facilities to be served are arranged in an east-west development strip parallel to the runway. The Water Supply and Sewage Board will supply portable water to the service areas earmarked in the Master Plan.
Matching runway lighting with runway edge lights, threshold, runway-end lights, touchdown lights and PAPI together with precision two-approach lighting systems will be installed in combination with ILS CAT I.
A taxiway lighting system for the partial parallel taxiway, the exit and entrance taxiways and the connections to the apron will be implanted. Apron floodlighting is provided to allow for efficient and
safe handling of aircraft during night operations. On the apron, a simple (non-electronic) docking system will be included.
An approach radar system is also included in the list of aeronautical equipment. This can be located on or offsite. The system contains localizer and glide path equipment and maker beacons, together with a backup system. The CNS/ATM equipment will be provided by AAI.
Air Traffic Control Facilities
The Air Traffic Control (ATC) tower located on the landside will be 65-meter tall construction. The height will provide a free line of sight from the control cabin to the operational areas and the approaches. The control cabin will be provided with communication equipment, consoles, etc.
For air traffic control services not performed in the tower, (such as control area, and approach control) an ATC complex (Technical Block) will be developed with a floor area of 2,000 square meters. The technical block will compass ATC briefing, anti-hijacking control room, MET department, electronic workshop, data management system, library, training rooms and offices.
Rescue & Fire Fighting Facilities
The firefighting and rescue facilities do not directly correlate to the magnitude of the traffic flow. They instead correspond to protection levels recommended by ICAO for airports the size of the new Phnom Penh International Airport. The total area of the planned fire station is 1,400 square meters with a watchtower located above the fire station.
Airline Support Facilities
The space requirements for the aircraft maintenance facilities will be mainly related to the aircraft fleet based at the airport and will be developed by airlines. Areas have been earmarked at the western end of the runway for this purpose.
10. Sewage & Drainage
The sewage and storm-water drain are designed as separate systems. The sewage system will include a collection network, pumpits, sewage treatment plant, etc. Sewage water from the airport-related facilities will be collected by mean of a landside and an airside main duct running in east-west direction and equipment with manholes.
PROJECT PROPOSAL 1. Executive Summary
In corporation with the Royal Government of Cambodia, we propose to construct a new international standard airport on the land area of 2,100 hectares hectares in Batheay District, Kampong Cham Province, and about 42km (through National Road No. 5), about 50km (through National Road No. 6) and about 30km (through a new highway) at the north of Phnom Penh.
New Phnom Penh International Airport is proposed to be constructed on a new site that would enable to service as modern air traffic hub of Cambodia and the international and regional in the future.
- Project Name: New Phnom Penh International Airport (PPIA)
- Area: 2,500 hectares in Batheay District, Kampong Cham Province
- Class/Type: 4F International Airport
- Runway for large plane series of Boeing 747 and Airbus 380
- Area for aircraft maintenance, aviation industrial activities, apron, and airport operations
- Other airport-related facilities
2. New Airport Conceptual Facilities
The airport development will involve land allocated for the following features:
A single runway oriented 05/23, nominal length 4,000m
Full-length parallel taxiway situated along the north side of the runway
Two RETs in each direction for long-term
Passenger terminal apron parking for aircraft Code C, D & E
A passenger Terminal Building (initially 40,000m2 and expandable to 100,000m2) located in the northern part of the designated airport land, and located centrally to the runway.
Air traffic control tower and facilities
Instrument landing systems (Category I) for both runways 05 & 03 approaches
MET observation office
Air cargo operation and support facilities
GSE storage and maintenance shops
Airport Operation Center
Airport Operation Building
Cars, taxi, bus, staff, and VIP car parks
Rescue Fire Fighting Service (RFFS) station and training area
Fuel farm facilities
Utility (electrical and water supply) and sewage treatment
Land reservations for aircraft maintenance, aviation industrial activities, apron and airport operations
Road connections to the national road system
Development of land of the Phnom Penh International Airport (IATA Code: PNH)
New Airport Facility Development
Note: mppa: million passengers per annum, Facilities: sizes and capacities are subject to change,
GSE: Ground Handling Service Equipment, FBO: Fixed Base Operator
NPPIA Project Development Options and Phases with Cost Estimates:
Option I / Phase 1 & 2
as per above Proposal and Conceptual Plan
Plus Option II / Phase 3
as per above Proposal and Conceptual Plan with the addition of the
Phnom Penh International Airport
Plus Option III / Phase 3
as per above Proposal and Conceptual Plan
with the addition of a 6-Lane Highway and
High Speed Train
from KCI to Phnom Penh
The conceptual master plan covers phase I and in a brief form phase II and phase III of the project development which includes; new designed of the Airport to be fully operational, the 12,500ha Free Trade Zone infrastructure and constructions, establishment of the Air, Road, River and Rail Transport Hub and the initial planning and infrastructure of New Wisdom City, including commercial support facilities and tourism resort.
Phase I, phase II and phase III, as well as Express Highway and High Speed Railway links with Phnom Penh, are outlined briefly with an overall budget estimate, as final costs will be subject to an in-depth feasibility study and master plan.
The central position and ready situation of New City as a National, Regional and International Gateway and Transport Hub, Free Trade Zone (FTZ), and New Wisdom City with a transit Tourism Centre, are unique and present high potential for commercial and socio- economic development.
The Air Freight Hub and the FTZ will be developed concurrently with tourism and transportation facilities. The use of passenger aircraft freight capacity will enhance the inherent competitiveand comparative advantages for its development as a majorregionalfreighthub.
Additionally, with the planned introduction of a “New City Bank” within the FTZ, it is also planned to establish an International Banking and Financial Center. The combined investment and financial transactions by participating international parties in the establishment and operation of manufacturing, warehousing, trading and tourism facilities with the utilization of the Free Trade Zone, Transport Hub and Airport, will be a catalyst to the Cambodian Economy with a multi-billion dollar turnover over the next years and will create training, employment and business opportunities for many thousands of Cambodians.
The Airport and adjoining FTZ, as well as New Wisdom City, will be an ongoing development over the next 5 years, with the total projected expenditure estimated to exceed 7 billion US dollars. However, after the initial capital investment, as proposed herein, ongoing project funding will be derived from operational proceeds, including revenues from land leases/sales, licensing fees, property leases/sales, airport and auxiliary operations, management contracts project and JV project developments within.
Additionally, the implementation of the New City project is also significant in regards to Cambodia’s strategic Socio-demographic Development.
There is an increasing influx of people into Phnom Penh from many surrounding Provinces, resulting in an accelerated growth pattern that puts enormous strain and pressure on the city’s facilities and infrastructure. Additionally, it is not a desirable situation where a growing number of people leave their homes and families in the provinces to seek employment and better living conditions in the nation’s capital city.
The developments of New Airport and New Wisdom City have the potential to play a significant role by providing employment, schooling and training to tens of thousands of people and their families, which consequently will reduce excessive influx and take pressure of Phnom Penh, through decentralization and growth diversion to the new enviornment friendly city.
V. PROJECT VALUE ESTIMATION AND EXPECTATION
1. Estimated Budget for the Project Development
Note: mppa: million passengers per annum, Facilities: sizes and capacities are subject to change,
GSE: Ground Handling Service Equipment, FBO: Fixed Base Operator
To ascertain a final cost, a detailed feasibility study and final master plan will need to be developed. However, our initial cost estimate for the development of the New Phnom Penh International Airport is:
(One Billion Five Hundred and Nineteen Million Three Hundred and Nine Thousand United States Dollars)
2. Estimated Labor Force for the Project Development
▪ Construction Period:
3. Expected Income from the Project Development
Income Sources of the New Phnom Penh International Airport
1- Aeronautical Revenue
- Terminal Rents
- Landing Fees
- Terminal Area Air Navigation
- Aircraft Parking and Hangar
2- Non-Aeronautical Revenue
- Retail and Duty Free Concession
- Car Parking and Ground Transportation
- Property and Real Estate / Land Rent
- Rental Car Concession
- Food & Beverages
- Utility Recharges
- Fuel & Oil
- Aviation Catering Service
New Phnom Penh International Airport (NPPIA) Project is a major infrastructure which will contribute a lot to transportation, tourism and economic development for Cambodia. With the new international standard airport, Cambodia optimistically will have more opportunity of receiving fast and effective transportation system with the global and regional integration of economy and trade.
Rathsady Development Ltd has incorporated with foreign investment partners and completed the Project Feasibility Study on construction of a new Phnom Penh International Airport on location at the Northern Gateway to Phnom Penh with high potentiality which will benefit to the country, people, and investors.
Dear investors and relevant governmental agencies! Cambodian people are looking forward to the project approval as soon as possible to make it go into operation.
Due to the strong trust and belief in the leadership and the socio-economic development policies of the Royal Government leading wisely by Samdech Akamoha Senapadei Techo Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Cambodia, and in order to contribute in the country development, I would like to request the Council for the Development of Cambodia (The Cambodian Investment Committee) to kindly provide my company the coordination and permission for developing the project upon the time and schedule accordingly.
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